Allwellenempfänger Uster (All Wave Receiver 41), E41; developed and produced by Zellweger AG, Uster.
The Swiss company Zellweger, Uster, has constructed a shortwave receiver using battery tubes to fit their "Fahrbar Leichte Funkstation 40", the famous FL wireless station. This „FL Empfaenger“ or „Empfaenger Uster“ is based on National's famous PW-4 tuning capacitor, similar as the Autophon E39, and uses plug in coil sets and battery valves.
The receiver covers a very large part of the spectrum from 100 kHz up to 60 MHz, it uses plug-in coil sets to change wavebands. The frequency marks are quite coarse.
Der Empfänger kann von einem 6V Akkumulator oder vom Netz mittels Netzgerät / Wechselrichter betrieben werden. Die 6V - Gleichspannung von den Akkumulatoren wird direkt als Heizspannung genutzt, die Anodenspannung von 120V wird von einem Zerhacker “Mallory Vibrator” erzeugt und nachher erneut gleichgerichtet.
Das Netzspeisegerät erlaubt den Betrieb den Empfängers an Wechselspannungen von 110 - 250 V, auch im Netzbetrieb wird die Spannung zunächst auf 6V heruntertransformiert, gleichgerichtet und die 6V Gleichspannung zur Röhrenheizung und über den Wechselrichter zum Betrieb des Wechselrichters zur Generierung der Anodenspannung genutzt, die Anodenspannung von 120V muss natürlich wieder einen Gleichrichter durchlaufen.
Ein Notbetrieb, beispielsweise bei Versagen des Wechselrichters, ist auch mit dem Heizakku und zwei 60 V Anodenbatterien möglich. Ebenfalls ist im Notfall ein Betrieb mittels Handgenerator der P- oder K-Station möglich, dieser wird mit einem Spezialkabel direkt am Speiseeingang des Empfängers angeschlossen.
The receiver can be powered from 6V accumulators or from mains. The 6V DC voltage is used directly for valve heaters and via a „Mallory vibrator“ to generate the B+ voltage of 120V which will be rectified again.
The mains power supply accepts different voltages from 110 - 250 V and delivers an output voltage of 6V DC. This will be used to heat the valves and to feed the „Mallory vibrator“ to generate the B+, exactly in the same way as if the receiver is fed from 6V accumulators.
Only in an emergency, the receiver can be powered with plate voltage from two 60V B+ batteries.
When the set was introduced, many wireless operators turned out to be discontented: To simplify operation, Zellweger had merged some functions together in one control; an experienced operator could get out much more out of a partly disturbed signal by tweaking the separate A.F. and R.F. gain and the crystal filter of the E39.
The receiver system consists of the 41 x 22,5 x 35 cm receiver case (17 kg), a plug-in coils case with the same dimensions with a compartment to store headphones and antenna cables. The mains power supply is twice as high with it's 42,5 x 47 x 26 kg and has a weight of 20 kg, two Fe-Ni accumulators with 17,8 kg each are also needed.
The receiver can be fed from a 1,8 m whip antenna, a long wire antenna or for direction finding purposes from the directional antenna ob the much older receiver E31.
The operation scheme of the Zellweger E41 is very simple, as the engineers at Zellweger did couple certain functions to simplify the operation of the receiver and to keep the number of controls down.
Connect the whip antenna with the antenna socket, the mains power supply with the power supply socket and test the heaters voltage indicated on the instrument of the power supply.
Plug in the coil set with the corresponding band range containing the desired frequency. The main switch is combined with the volume control, turn it to the right side for normal (AM) reception and to the left for reception of morse code (CW) transmissions. Tune to the desired frequeny, there are some quite coarse markings in on the coil sets which allow tuning to the nearest 20 kHz. Use the fine tuning („Feineinstellung“) for optimum readibility or to adjust the beat note of the BFO. The control automatic gain control (”Aut. Lautstärkeregulierung”) activates the AGC. In AM mode, it is always active, for CW reception, You might try manual gain control. In case of adjacent channel interference, You might switch from the „wide“ to the „medium“ I.F. bandwidth, the narrow („schmal“) position can only be used for CW reception, an 900 Hz audio filter is switched automatically. The asymmetric I.F. quartz filter is tuned to lower sideband reception and tends to „ringing“ effects. The output power of the E41 is sufficient for headphones use only, the signal of the left pair of headphone jacks is fed through two antiparallel diodes acting as noise limiter. The right pair of jacks marked with red colour has a slightly higher output power.
The Zellweger E41 operates as a single conversion receiver with an intermediate frequency of 70 kHz in bands 1 - 3: after two R.F. amplifier stages, the signal is mixed to the first I.F. of 70 kHz and fed to the demodulator after another amplifier stage. The BFO is acting on 70,8 kHz which will result in a 800 Hz beat note in CW mode. In the bands 4 - 7, the receiver acts as a single conversion set, too: after the first two R.F. amplifier stages, the signal is mixed to an intermediate frequency of 465 kHz. The signal is fed to the demodulator after two I.F. amplifier stages, the BFO oscillator's frequency is 465,8 kHz to achieve a BFO note of 800 Hz.
In the bands 8 - 10, the receiver's circuitry acts different: the first R.F.amplifier stage acts as first mixer, the second as first oscillator to generate a first intermediate frequency variable from 3 - 6,35 MHz. In the second mixer, this I.F. is mixed to the second I.F. of 465 kHz, the E41 acts as a double conversion receiver. After two I.F. amplifier stages, the signal is demodulated; for CW reception, the BFO signal of 465,8 kHz is fed to obtain a 800 Hz beat note.
The receiver E41 has been developed by Zellweger, Uster, during the years of World War II, they used the kind of battery tubes (made by Tungsram in Budapest), which were for Switzerland still available in those days.
The Swiss Army bought 138 standalone units of this receiver, another 198 sets made part of complete wireless stations, like the FL40 (Fahrbar Leicht 40), TS40 (Tragbar Schwer 40); in the KL43 (Kurz Lang 43) and the M44 (Motorisierte Funkstation 44), the same receiver has been used with a reduced number of plug in coil sets. Eventually, the E41 replaced the Lorenz E509/I as main receiver of the G1,5K (“Grossen 1,5 kW Kurzwellenstation”) and has been in use as main receiver in the G3L and G1,2K wireless stations of the airforce.